Icebergs on the Ilulissat Icefjord, western Greenland, March 2013. This is generally considered to be a step toward eventual full independence from Denmark. Plantlike lichens also are common. The associated relationship with the EU also means that all Greenlandic nationals (OCT-nationals) are EU citizens.. The party system is dominated by the social-democratic Forward Party, and the democratic socialist Inuit Community Party, both of which broadly argue for greater independence from Denmark.  Three-quarters of Greenland is covered by the only permanent ice sheet outside of Antarctica. Although the environment is generally ill-suited for golf, there is a golf course in Nuuk. Greenland is abundant in minerals. Almost all are marine species with only a few in freshwater, notably Atlantic salmon and charr. Though under continuous influence of Norway and Norwegians, Greenland was not formally under the Norwegian crown until 1261. The state company Nunamineral has been launched on the Copenhagen Stock Exchange to raise more capital to increase the production of gold, started in 2007. The law came into effect on 1 May 1979. Kuhle, M. (1983): Postglacial Glacier Stades of Nugssuaq Peninsula, Westgreenland (70°03'–70°10'N). Both Greenlandic (an Eskimo–Aleut language) and Danish have been used in public affairs since the establishment of home rule in 1979; the majority of the population can speak both languages. It was a part of the Arctic small tool tradition. Greenland contains the world's largest and most northerly national park, Northeast Greenland National Park (Kalaallit Nunaanni nuna eqqissisimatitaq). All civil aviation matters are handled by the Danish Transport Authority. When it re-established contact with Greenland in the early 17th century, Denmark asserted its sovereignty over the island. Structurally, Greenland is an extension of the Canadian Shield, the rough plateau of the Canadian north that is made up of hard Precambrian rocks. The Saga of Erik the Redstates: "I… To strengthen trading and power, Denmark–Norway affirmed sovereignty over the island. An improved translation using the modern orthography was completed in 2000. Through a number of initiatives the prevalence (along with the fatality rate through efficient treatment) has fallen and is now low, c. 0.13%, below most other countries. , Coordinates: 72°00′N 40°00′W / 72.000°N 40.000°W / 72.000; -40.000, Large island in northeastern North America, This article is about the island and autonomous territory within the Kingdom of Denmark. Kalaallit Nunaata Radio (KNR), the island’s broadcasting company, offers radio and television programs in Greenlandic and Danish. Greenland’s major physical feature is its massive ice sheet, which is second only to Antarctica’s in size. There are a total of 13 registered civil airports and 47 helipads in Greenland; most of them are unpaved and located in rural areas. French photographer Sébastien Tixier has always been fascinated with the Arctic north ever since hearing stories of the Inuit as a child. The dominance of the Forward and Inuit Community parties began to wane after the snap 2014 and 2018 elections. , About 12% of the population speak Danish as a first or sole language, particularly Danish immigrants in Greenland, many of whom fill positions such as administrators, professionals, academics, or skilled tradesmen. Greenland is designated as a member of the Overseas Countries and Territories (OCT) and is thus officially not a part of the European Union, though Greenland can and does receive support from the European Development Fund, Multiannual Financial Framework, European Investment Bank and EU Programs.. The mixed population of European-Inuit represent people of Danish, Faroese, Icelandic, Norwegian, Dutch (whalers), German (Herrnhuters), Czech (Jednota bratrská) descent and others. The rate of ice loss has increased from an average of 33 billion tonnes a year in the 1990s, to 254 billion tonnes a year in the last decade.  Some controversy surrounds the history of the island, specifically over whether the island might have been revealed during a brief warm period in Greenland during the mid-20th century. In prehistoric times, Greenland was home to several successive Paleo-Inuit cultures known today primarily through archaeological finds. Also, Greenlanders were recognized as a separate people under international law. The government, which receives substantial financial aid from Denmark, continues to play a leading role in the economy.  The Thule culture migrated eastward from what is now known as Alaska around 1000 AD, reaching Greenland around 1300.  Between 1991 and 2004, monitoring of the weather at one location (Swiss Camp) showed that the average winter temperature had risen almost 6 °C (11 °F). In larger towns, especially Nuuk and in the higher social strata, this is still a large group.  The United States occupation of Greenland continued until 1945. Reindeer also are raised for meat, and polar bears are sometimes caught for their meat and pelts. Deposits of cryolite, lead, zinc, silver, and coal were mined at various times in the 20th century, and the island’s first gold mine opened in 2004. Cod, salmon, flounder, and halibut are important saltwater fish, and the island’s rivers contain salmon and Arctic char. 20–21. Nearly half the labour force works in the public sector. With the Constitution of 1953 the people in Greenland became Nationals of the Realm of Denmark and where-until did not hold a nationality (citizenship) by law, but still remains stateless with self-rule within the Kingdom of Denmark (status quo). Greenland’s deeply indented coastline is 24,430 miles (39,330 km) long, a distance roughly equivalent to Earth’s circumference at the Equator. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Medieval Norwegian sagas and historical works mention Greenland's economy as well as the bishops of Gardar and the collection of tithes. Despite previous speculations, no evidence of Viking settlers predecessors has been found. Free health care is available to the island’s people as well. "Chapter 5 – Norse Explorers from Erik the Red to Leif Erikson", in, Arnold C. (June 2010) "Cold did in the Norse,", William P. Patterson, Kristin A. Dietrich, Chris Holmden, and John T. Andrews (2010) "Two millennia of North Atlantic seasonality and implications for Norse colonies. In 2017, new sources of ruby in Greenland have been discovered, promising to bring new industry and a new export from the country. Analysis of the layering and chemical composition of the cores has provided a revolutionary new record of climate change in the Northern Hemisphere going back about 100,000 years and illustrated that the world's weather and temperature have often shifted rapidly from one seemingly stable state to another, with worldwide consequences. Licensing agreements were delayed, however, as environmental concerns grew in response to BP’s Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico that year. Greenland is the world's largest non-continental island and the third largest area in North America after Canada and the United States.
John Luft, Dickinson Streaming, The Haunted (2018), Heart Of Lightness Cast, Geological History Of Earth, Mcfc Face Mask, Nc State Football 2019, It Has Seven Faces Shape, Carmelo Anthony House, What Happened To William Hare, Witney Carson Wedding Ring, Toledo Rockets Football Schedule, Don't Click The Red Button, M Butterfly Themes, D'angelo Russell Timberwolves, Demarcus Cousins Brother, Dice By Wyrmwood, Terminator 3 Trivia, Pyrenees Map, Session 9 Netflix Uk, Fruit Bat Scientific Name, Uga 2007 Football Schedule, Reddit Muppetiers, Map The Streets Lyrics, Lol Wiki Champions, Theresa Merritt Cause Of Death, Virtuality Arcade, A Lizard In A Woman's Skin Watch Online, Barcelona 2009 Squad, Derek Hough Partners, Swades Songs Lyrics, The Outpost Magazine Lebanon, Christina Applegate Accident, Russell Westbrook Shirt Why Not, How To Pronounce Compulsion, Universal Soldier: Regeneration Full Movie 123movies, Springsteen Last Night, Sub Bituminous Coal, Red Skelton Spouse, Minishark Terraria, Raquel Welch Age, Russell Westbrook Mom, The Quick Gun - Youtube, Mia Burkes, Legally Blonde 2 Google Drive, Arson Charges, Jonah Beres Famous Birthdays, Yayoi Kusama: Infinity Mirror Room Phalli's Field, John Russell Painter, Fast And Furious 4 Netflix, Hell Night Remake, Java Debugger, The Amityville Haunting (2011), Cursed Season 2 Renewed, Catholic Rangers Players, The Promised Neverland Netflix, How To Pronounce Tinge, James Harden Jersey, The Losers Streaming, Southbound Movie Stream, Pop Skull Meaning, Shrek The Third Game Pc, Famous Nurses In The Civil War,