Thomas Becket var en engelsk kansler, erkebiskop og helgen. Hans far Gilbert var en rik kjøpmann og sheriff i London som kunne gi sønnen en god og allsidig utdannelse hos regularkannikene i Merton Abbey i Surrey, og han studerte jus i London før han dro til universitetet i Paris. Will no one rid me of this turbulent priest? Henry summoned Becket to appear before a great council at Northampton Castle on 8 October 1164, to answer allegations of contempt of royal authority and malfeasance in the Chancellor's office.  King Henry sent his son Henry to live in Becket's household, it being the custom then for noble children to be fostered out to other noble houses. The saint's fame quickly spread throughout the Norman world. Papal legates were sent in 1167 with authority to act as arbitrators. Finally, even Becket expressed his willingness to agree to the substance of the Constitutions of Clarendon, but he still refused to formally sign the documents. , In 1170, Alexander sent delegates to impose a solution to the dispute. Fagansvarlig eller redaktør svarer når de kan. Store norske leksikon er et gratis og komplett oppslagsverk skrevet av For other uses, see. Becket var annengenerasjons fransk innvandrer, sønn av Gilbert og Matilda som hadde valgt å forlate Normandie etter normannernes erobring av England.Beckets far var kjøpmann med gode forbindelser, men familien var ikke spesielt velstående eller innflytelsesrik. I 1170 kom et forlik i stand, og Becket vendte tilbake til England. These include Robert of Torigni's work, Roger of Howden's Gesta Regis Henrici Secundi and Chronica, Ralph Diceto's works, William of Newburgh's Historia Rerum, and Gervase of Canterbury's works..  Matilda was also of Norman descent, and her family may have originated near Caen. He is venerated as a saint and martyr by both the Catholic Church and the Anglican Communion. , Henry pursued the fugitive archbishop with a series of edicts, targeting Becket as well as all of Becket's friends and supporters, but King Louis VII of France offered Becket protection. At that point, Henry offered a compromise that would allow Thomas to return to England from exile. The other biographers, who remain anonymous, are generally given the pseudonyms of Anonymous I, Anonymous II (or Anonymous of Lambeth), and Anonymous III (or Lansdowne Anonymous). The name "Thomas à Becket" is not contemporary, and appears to be a post-, There is a legend that claims Thomas's mother was a, "V&A plaque", with latest count; Binski, 225, with a catalogue entry on one in the. The other monks tried to bolt themselves in for safety, but Becket said to them, "It is not right to make a fortress out of the house of prayer!," ordering them to reopen the doors. 12th-century Archbishop of Canterbury, Chancellor of England and saint, "Thomas a Becket" redirects here. The four knights, wielding drawn swords, ran into the room saying "Where is Thomas Becket, traitor to the King and country?!".  The shrine was supported by three pairs of pillars, placed on a raised platform with three steps. . Becket kom på andenplads efter Jack the Ripper. In 1220, Becket's bones were moved to a new gold-plated and bejewelled shrine behind the high altar in the Trinity Chapel. Encyclopædia Universalis. To prevent this, Becket's remains were placed beneath the floor of the eastern crypt of the cathedral. Becket fought back by threatening excommunication and interdict against the king and bishops and the kingdom, but Pope Alexander III, though sympathising with him in theory, favoured a more diplomatic approach. Gilbert was perhaps related to Theobald of Bec, whose family also was from Thierville. , Becket was nominated as Archbishop of Canterbury in 1162, several months after the death of Theobald. flere ideelle stiftelser/organisasjoner. , In June 1170, Roger de Pont L'Évêque, the archbishop of York, along with Gilbert Foliot, the Bishop of London, and Josceline de Bohon, the Bishop of Salisbury, crowned the heir apparent, Henry the Young King, at York.  This led to the Constitutions of Clarendon, where Becket was officially asked to agree to the King's rights or face political repercussions. Becket was born about 1119, or in 1120 according to later tradition. Mordet på St. Thomas Becket, avbildning fra det 13. årh. Later, he spent about a year in Paris around age 20. De Morville also held property in Cumbria and this may also have provided a convenient bolt-hole, as the men prepared for a longer stay in the separate kingdom of Scotland. The first holy image of Becket is thought to be a mosaic icon still visible in Monreale Cathedral, in Sicily, created shortly after his death.  The king also destroyed Becket's bones and ordered that all mention of his name be obliterated.. Grim, Benedict of Peterborough and William fitzStephen are quoted in Douglas, et al. 19th-century depiction of St Thomas Becket, showing a sword piercing his head. He employed all his skills to induce their consent and was apparently successful with all but Becket. 1115 i Cheapside i London, død 29. december 1170) var Henrik 2. af Englands rigskansler og ærkebiskop af Canterbury fra 1162 til sin død. Thomas Becket drepes foran høyalteret i Canterbury. Seeking forgiveness, the assassins travelled to Rome and were ordered by the Pope to serve as knights in the Holy Lands for a period of fourteen years.. One of Becket's father's wealthy friends, Richer de L'Aigle, often invited Thomas to his estates in Sussex where Becket was exposed to hunting and hawking. The fifth – not a knight but a cleric who had entered with the knights... placed his foot on the neck of the holy priest and precious martyr and (it is horrible to say) scattered the brains with the blood across the floor, exclaiming to the rest, "We can leave this place, knights, he will not get up again. He engaged in conflict with Henry II, King of England, over the rights and privileges of the Church and was murdered by followers of the king in Canterbury Cathedral. But with the third the stricken martyr bent his knees and elbows, offering himself as a living sacrifice, saying in a low voice, "For the name of Jesus and the protection of the church I am ready to embrace death." Drapet vakte oppsikt i hele Vest-Europa, og det gikk snart rykter om mirakler ved hans grav. 11:49. A few of these documents are by unknown writers, although traditional historiography has given them names. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/becket_thomas.shtml, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/religion/8543395/Canterbury-Cathedral-a-lovers-guide.html, https://blog.britishmuseum.org/thomas-becket-the-murder-that-shook-the-middle-ages/, https://nenequirer.com/2019/01/24/thomas-becket-vs-the-king-of-england-the-trial-of-the-millennium-held-in-northampton/, https://www.historic-uk.com/HistoryUK/HistoryofEngland/Thomas-Becket/, https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/1911_Encyclop%C3%A6dia_Britannica/Clarendon,_Constitutions_of, https://www.turismo-prerromanico.com/en/monumento/santa-mara-de-tarrasa-20130420191554/, https://www.theguardian.com/stage/2019/nov/05/ts-eliot-murder-in-the-cathedral-review, "St. Thomas of Canterbury, his death and miracles, Mirakler i glass og lys, en ikonografisk analyse av sentrale mirakelmotiv i St. Williamvinduet, York Minster, og mulige inspirasjonskilder til disse, https://no.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Thomas_Becket&oldid=20565033, Artikler hvor fsted forskjellig fra Wikidata, Artikler hvor dsted forskjellig fra Wikidata, Artikler hvor gravlagt hentes fra Wikidata, Artikler hvor utdannet ved hentes fra Wikidata, Artikler hvor beskjeftigelse hentes fra Wikidata, Artikler hvor nasjonalitet hentes fra Wikidata, Artikler med bilde forskjellig fra Wikidata, Artikler med offisielle lenker fra Wikidata, Artikler med autoritetsdatalenker fra Wikidata, Creative Commons-lisensen Navngivelse-Del på samme vilkår, Teolog, geistlig, dommer, katolsk prest (, Fremstilt med sverd, martyrpalme, kledd i rikskanslerens antrekk og halslenke.
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